Biology and distribution
Described from Florida USA (C. elongatus, H. pini, Z. bicolor), Cuba (H. cocois), Denmark (H. melaleucus, in a glasshouse) and from Japan.
Distribution: Widespread around the world in tropics and sub-tropics, although the male is recorded only from Taiwan. Collected from bamboo, grasses and leaves, but also from dead branches and dead twigs. Predator on small arthropods like various Coccoidea.
Bagnall RS (1911) Descriptions of three new Scandinavian Thysanoptera (Tubulifera). Entomologist’s monthly Magazine 47: 60–63.
Watson JR (1919) Additions to the Thysanoptera of Florida VI. Florida Buggist 3: 2–7.
Hood & Williams (1915) New Thysanoptera from Florida and Louisiana. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 121-138.
Watson JR (1922) New Thysanoptera from Florida IX. Florida Entomologist 5: 65–66.
Watson JR (1922) Another new thrips from cocoanuts from Cuba. Florida Entomologist 5: 66–67.
Mound LA & Marullo R (1996) The Thrips of Central and South America: An Introduction. Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1–488.
Okajima S (2006) The Insects of Japan. Volume 2. The suborder Tubulifera (Thysanoptera). Fukuoka: Touka Shobo Co. Ltd. pp. 1–720.
Hoddle HS, Mound LA & Paris D (2012) Thrips of California 2012. LINK
Holotype ♀ (H. melaleucus): The Natural History Museum, London.
Syntype ♀ (H. pini): Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville.
Syntype ♀ (C. elongatus): Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville.
Syntype ♀ (H. cocois): Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville.