Biology and distribution
Described from Okinawa, Luchu island, Japan (O. brevicollis) and Hookotoo, Makoo, Taiwan (N. formosensis).
Distribution: Presumably originating from Japan and Taiwan, imported by ship traffic into India, Guam (?), Java, Réunion, Mauritius and Rodriguez as well as Hawaii.
Nesothrips brevicollis is a spore feeding thrips that usually inhabits dead branches and leaves. However, it also has been collected on bark of living woody plants.
This species occurs with varying wing length: micropterous, hemimacropterous and macropterous forms are known.
Bagnall RS (1914) Brief descriptions of new Thysanoptera II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)13: 22–31.
Priesner H (1935) New or little-known oriental Thysanoptera. Philippine Journal of Science 57: 351–375.
Mound, L.A. (1974) The Nesothrips complex of spore-feeding Thysanoptera (Phlaeothripidae: Idolothripinae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Entomology 31: 109–188.
Okajima S (1990) Some Nesothrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripidae) from East Asia. Zoological Science 7: 311-318.
Duan B, Li M, Yang R & Yan R (1998) Three new species of Thysanoptera (Insecta) from the Funiu Mountains, Henan, China. pp. 53–58 in Shen X-C & Shi Z-Y The Fauna and Taxonomy of Insects in Henan. Insects of the Funiu Mountains region. Beijing: China Agricultural Scientech Press.
Okajima S (2006) The Suborder Tubulifera (Thysanoptera). The Insects of Japan 2: 1-720. The Entomological Society of Japan, Touka Shobo Co. Ltd., Fukuoka.
Dang L-H, Mound L.A. & Qiao G-X (2013) New records and nomenclatural changes among spore-feeding thrips from China (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripidae, Idolothripinae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 38: 657-660.
Eow LX, Mound LA, Tree DJ & Cameron SL (2014) Australian species of spore-feeding Thysanoptera in the genera Carientothrips and Nesothrips (Phlaeothripidae: Idolothripinae). Zootaxa 3821(2): 193-221.
Holotype ♀ (O. brevicollis): The Natural History Museum, London.
Lectotype ♀ (N. formosensis): Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt.